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Taikun OCP Guide

Table of Contents

CPU topologies

The NUMA topology and CPU pinning features in OpenStack provide
high-level control over how instances run on hypervisor CPUs and the
topology of virtual CPUs available to instances. These features help
minimize latency and maximize performance.

SMP, NUMA, and SMT

Symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)

SMP is a design found in many modern multi-core systems. In an SMP
system, there are two or more CPUs and these CPUs are connected by some
interconnect. This provides CPUs with equal access to system resources
like memory and input/output ports.

Non-uniform memory access (NUMA)

NUMA is a derivative of the SMP design that is found in many
multi-socket systems. In a NUMA system, system memory is divided into
cells or nodes that are associated with particular CPUs. Requests for
memory on other nodes are possible through an interconnect bus. However,
bandwidth across this shared bus is limited. As a result, competition
for this resource can incur performance penalties.

Simultaneous Multi-Threading (SMT)

SMT is a design complementary to SMP. Whereas CPUs in SMP systems
share a bus and some memory, CPUs in SMT systems share many more
components. CPUs that share components are known as thread siblings. All
CPUs appear as usable CPUs on the system and can execute workloads in
parallel. However, as with NUMA, threads compete for shared
resources.

Non-Uniform I/O Access (NUMA I/O)

In a NUMA system, I/O to a device mapped to a local memory region is
more efficient than I/O to a remote device. A device connected to the
same socket providing the CPU and memory offers lower latencies for I/O
operations due to its physical proximity. This generally manifests
itself in devices connected to the PCIe bus, such as NICs or vGPUs, but
applies to any device support memory-mapped I/O.

In OpenStack, SMP CPUs are known as cores, NUMA cells or
nodes are known as sockets, and SMT CPUs are known as
threads. For example, a quad-socket, eight core system with
Hyper-Threading would have four sockets, eight cores per socket and two
threads per core, for a total of 64 CPUs.

PCPU and VCPU

PCPU

Resource class representing an amount of dedicated CPUs for a single
guest.

VCPU

Resource class representing a unit of CPU resources for a single
guest approximating the processing power of a single physical
processor.

Customizing instance NUMA placement
policies

Important

The functionality described below is currently only supported by the
libvirt/KVM and Hyper-V driver. The Hyper-V driver may require some
host configuration <configure-hyperv-numa>
for this to
work.

When running workloads on NUMA hosts, it is important that the vCPUs
executing processes are on the same NUMA node as the memory used by
these processes. This ensures all memory accesses are local to the node
and thus do not consume the limited cross-node memory bandwidth, adding
latency to memory accesses. Similarly, large pages are assigned from
memory and benefit from the same performance improvements as memory
allocated using standard pages. Thus, they also should be local.
Finally, PCI devices are directly associated with specific NUMA nodes
for the purposes of DMA. Instances that use PCI or SR-IOV devices should
be placed on the NUMA node associated with these devices.

NUMA topology can exist on both the physical hardware of the host and
the virtual hardware of the instance. In OpenStack, when booting a
process, the hypervisor driver looks at the NUMA topology field of both
the instance and the host it is being booted on, and uses that
information to generate an appropriate configuration.

By default, an instance floats across all NUMA nodes on a host. NUMA
awareness can be enabled implicitly through the use of huge pages or
pinned CPUs or explicitly through the use of flavor extra specs or image
metadata. If the instance has requested a specific NUMA topology,
compute will try to pin the vCPUs of different NUMA cells on the
instance to the corresponding NUMA cells on the host. It will also
expose the NUMA topology of the instance to the guest OS.

In all cases where NUMA awareness is used, the
NUMATopologyFilter filter must be enabled. Details on this
filter are provided in /admin/scheduling.

The host’s NUMA node(s) used are chosen based on some logic and
controlled by packing_host_numa_cells_allocation_strategy
configuration variable in nova.conf. By default
packing_host_numa_cells_allocation_strategy variable is set
to True. It leads to attempt to chose NUMA node(s) with
less amount of free resources (or in other words more
used
NUMA nodes) first. It is so-called “pack” strategy – we
try to place as much as possible load at more used
host’s NUMA node until it will be completely exhausted. And only after
we will choose most used host’s NUMA node from the rest
available nodes on host. “Spread” strategy is reverse to “pack”
strategy. The NUMA node(s) with more free resources
will be used first. So “spread” strategy will try to balance load
between all NUMA nodes and keep number of free resources on all NUMA
nodes as more equal as possible.

Caution

Host’s NUMA nodes are placed in list and list is sorted based on
strategy chosen and resource available in each NUMA node. Sorts are
performed on same list one after another, so the last sort implemented
is the sort with most priority.

The python performed so-called stable sort. It means that each sort
executed on same list will change order of list items only if item’s
property we sort on differs. If this properties in all list’s items are
equal than elements order will not changed.

Sorts are performed on host’s NUMA nodes list in the following
order:

  • sort based on available memory on node(first sort-less
    priority)
  • sort based on cpu usage (in case of shared CPUs requested by guest
    VM topology) or free pinned cpus otherwise.
  • sort based on number of free PCI device on node(last sort-top
    priority)

Top sorting priority is for host’s NUMA nodes with PCI devices
attached. If VM requested PCI device(s) logic always
puts host’s NUMA nodes with more PCI devices at the beginnig of the
host’s NUMA nodes list. If PCI devices isn’t requested by VM than NUMA
nodes with no (or less) PCI device available will be placed at the
beginnig of the list.

Caution

The described logic for PCI devices is used both for
“pack” and “spread” strategies. It is done to keep backward
compatibility with previous nova versions.

During “pack” logic implementation rest (two) sorts are performed
with sort order to move NUMA nodes with more available resources (CPUs
and memory) at the END of host’s NUMA nodes list. Sort based on memory
is the first sort implemented and has least priority.

During “spread” logic implementation rest (two) sorts are performed
with sort order to move NUMA nodes with more available resources (CPUs
and memory) at the BEGINNING of host’s NUMA nodes list. Sort based on
memory is the first sort implemented and has least priority.

Finally resulting list (after all sorts) is passed next and attempts
to place VM’s NUMA node to host’s NUMA node are performed starting from
the first host’s NUMA node in list.

Caution

Inadequate per-node resources will result in scheduling failures.
Resources that are specific to a node include not only CPUs and memory,
but also PCI and SR-IOV resources. It is not possible to use multiple
resources from different nodes without requesting a multi-node layout.
As such, it may be necessary to ensure PCI or SR-IOV resources are
associated with the same NUMA node or force a multi-node layout.

When used, NUMA awareness allows the operating system of the instance
to intelligently schedule the workloads that it runs and minimize
cross-node memory bandwidth. To configure guest NUMA nodes, you can use
the hw:numa_nodes flavor extra spec. For
example, to restrict an instance’s vCPUs to a single host NUMA node,
run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:numa_nodes=1

Some workloads have very demanding requirements for memory access
latency or bandwidth that exceed the memory bandwidth available from a
single NUMA node. For such workloads, it is beneficial to spread the
instance across multiple host NUMA nodes, even if the instance’s
RAM/vCPUs could theoretically fit on a single NUMA node. To force an
instance’s vCPUs to spread across two host NUMA nodes, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:numa_nodes=2

The allocation of instance vCPUs and memory from different host NUMA
nodes can be configured. This allows for asymmetric allocation of vCPUs
and memory, which can be important for some workloads. You can configure
the allocation of instance vCPUs and memory across each
guest NUMA node using the hw:numa_cpus.{num} and hw:numa_mem.{num}
extra specs respectively. For example, to spread the 6 vCPUs and 6 GB of
memory of an instance across two NUMA nodes and create an asymmetric 1:2
vCPU and memory mapping between the two nodes, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:numa_nodes=2
# configure guest node 0
$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:numa_cpus.0=0,1 \
  --property hw:numa_mem.0=2048
# configure guest node 1
$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:numa_cpus.1=2,3,4,5 \
  --property hw:numa_mem.1=4096

Note

The {num} parameter is an index of guest NUMA
nodes and may not correspond to host NUMA nodes. For example,
on a platform with two NUMA nodes, the scheduler may opt to place guest
NUMA node 0, as referenced in hw:numa_mem.0 on host NUMA
node 1 and vice versa. Similarly, the CPUs bitmask specified in the
value for hw:numa_cpus.{num} refer to guest vCPUs
and may not correspond to host CPUs. As such, this feature
cannot be used to constrain instances to specific host CPUs or NUMA
nodes.

Warning

If the combined values of hw:numa_cpus.{num} or
hw:numa_mem.{num} are greater than the available number of
CPUs or memory respectively, an exception will be raised.

Note

Hyper-V does not support asymmetric NUMA topologies, and the Hyper-V
driver will not spawn instances with such topologies.

For more information about the syntax for hw:numa_nodes,
hw:numa_cpus.N and hw:num_mem.N, refer to
/configuration/extra-specs.

Customizing instance CPU pinning
policies

Important

The functionality described below is currently only supported by the
libvirt/KVM driver and requires some host configuration
<configure-libvirt-pinning>
for this to work. Hyper-V does
not support CPU pinning.

Note

There is no correlation required between the NUMA topology exposed in
the instance and how the instance is actually pinned on the host. This
is by design. See this invalid bug for
more information.

By default, instance vCPU processes are not assigned to any
particular host CPU, instead, they float across host CPUs like any other
process. This allows for features like overcommitting of CPUs. In
heavily contended systems, this provides optimal system performance at
the expense of performance and latency for individual instances.

Some workloads require real-time or near real-time behavior, which is
not possible with the latency introduced by the default CPU policy. For
such workloads, it is beneficial to control which host CPUs are bound to
an instance’s vCPUs. This process is known as pinning. No instance with
pinned CPUs can use the CPUs of another pinned instance, thus preventing
resource contention between instances.

CPU pinning policies can be used to determine whether an instance
should be pinned or not. They can be configured using the hw:cpu_policy
extra spec and equivalent image metadata property. There are three
policies: dedicated, mixed and
shared (the default). The dedicated CPU policy
is used to specify that all CPUs of an instance should use pinned CPUs.
To configure a flavor to use the dedicated CPU policy,
run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:cpu_policy=dedicated

This works by ensuring PCPU allocations are used instead
of VCPU allocations. As such, it is also possible to
request this resource type explicitly. To configure this, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property resources:PCPU=N

(where N is the number of vCPUs defined in the
flavor).

Note

It is not currently possible to request PCPU and
VCPU resources in the same instance.

The shared CPU policy is used to specify that an
instance should not use pinned CPUs. To configure a
flavor to use the shared CPU policy, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:cpu_policy=shared

The mixed CPU policy is used to specify that an instance
use pinned CPUs along with unpinned CPUs. The instance pinned CPU could
be specified in the hw:cpu_dedicated_mask or, if real-time <real-time>
is enabled, in the hw:cpu_realtime_mask extra spec. For
example, to configure a flavor to use the mixed CPU policy
with 4 vCPUs in total and the first 2 vCPUs as pinned CPUs, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --vcpus=4 \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=mixed \
  --property hw:cpu_dedicated_mask=0-1

To configure a flavor to use the mixed CPU policy with 4
vCPUs in total and the first 2 vCPUs as pinned
real-time CPUs, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --vcpus=4 \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=mixed \
  --property hw:cpu_realtime=yes \
  --property hw:cpu_realtime_mask=0-1

Note

For more information about the syntax for hw:cpu_policy,
hw:cpu_dedicated_mask, hw:realtime_cpu and
hw:cpu_realtime_mask, refer to /configuration/extra-specs

Note

For more information about real-time functionality, refer to the
documentation <real-time>.

It is also possible to configure the CPU policy via image metadata.
This can be useful when packaging applications that require real-time or
near real-time behavior by ensuring instances created with a given image
are always pinned regardless of flavor. To configure an image to use the
dedicated CPU policy, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE --property hw_cpu_policy=dedicated

Likewise, to configure an image to use the shared CPU
policy, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE --property hw_cpu_policy=shared

Note

For more information about image metadata, refer to the Image
metadata
guide.

Important

Flavor-based policies take precedence over image-based policies. For
example, if a flavor specifies a CPU policy of dedicated
then that policy will be used. If the flavor specifies a CPU policy of
shared and the image specifies no policy or a policy of
shared then the shared policy will be used.
However, the flavor specifies a CPU policy of shared and
the image specifies a policy of dedicated, or vice versa,
an exception will be raised. This is by design. Image metadata is often
configurable by non-admin users, while flavors are only configurable by
admins. By setting a shared policy through flavor
extra-specs, administrators can prevent users configuring CPU policies
in images and impacting resource utilization.

Customizing
instance CPU thread pinning policies

Important

The functionality described below requires the use of pinned
instances and is therefore currently only supported by the libvirt/KVM
driver and requires some host configuration <configure-libvirt-pinning>
for this to work. Hyper-V does not support CPU pinning.

When running pinned instances on SMT hosts, it may also be necessary
to consider the impact that thread siblings can have on the instance
workload. The presence of an SMT implementation like Intel
Hyper-Threading can boost performance by
up to 30%
for some workloads. However, thread siblings share a
number of components and contention on these components can diminish
performance for other workloads. For this reason, it is also possible to
explicitly request hosts with or without SMT.

To configure whether an instance should be placed on a host with SMT
or not, a CPU thread policy may be specified. For workloads where
sharing benefits performance, you can request hosts
with SMT. To configure this, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw:cpu_thread_policy=require

This will ensure the instance gets scheduled to a host with SMT by
requesting hosts that report the HW_CPU_HYPERTHREADING
trait. It is also possible to request this trait explicitly. To
configure this, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property resources:PCPU=N \
  --property trait:HW_CPU_HYPERTHREADING=required

For other workloads where performance is impacted by contention for
resources, you can request hosts without SMT. To
configure this, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw:cpu_thread_policy=isolate

This will ensure the instance gets scheduled to a host without SMT by
requesting hosts that do not report the
HW_CPU_HYPERTHREADING trait. It is also possible to request
this trait explicitly. To configure this, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property resources:PCPU=N \
  --property trait:HW_CPU_HYPERTHREADING=forbidden

Finally, for workloads where performance is minimally impacted, you
may use thread siblings if available and fallback to not using them if
necessary. This is the default, but it can be set explicitly:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw:cpu_thread_policy=prefer

This does not utilize traits and, as such, there is no trait-based
equivalent.

Note

For more information about the syntax for
hw:cpu_thread_policy, refer to /configuration/extra-specs.

As with CPU policies, it also possible to configure the CPU thread
policy via image metadata. This can be useful when packaging
applications that require real-time or near real-time behavior by
ensuring instances created with a given image are always pinned
regardless of flavor. To configure an image to use the
require CPU policy, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE \
  --property hw_cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw_cpu_thread_policy=require

Likewise, to configure an image to use the isolate CPU
thread policy, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE \
  --property hw_cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw_cpu_thread_policy=isolate

Finally, to configure an image to use the prefer CPU
thread policy, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE \
  --property hw_cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw_cpu_thread_policy=prefer

If the flavor does not specify a CPU thread policy then the CPU
thread policy specified by the image (if any) will be used. If both the
flavor and image specify a CPU thread policy then they must specify the
same policy, otherwise an exception will be raised.

Note

For more information about image metadata, refer to the Image
metadata
guide.

Customizing instance emulator
thread pinning policies

Important

The functionality described below requires the use of pinned
instances and is therefore currently only supported by the libvirt/KVM
driver and requires some host configuration <configure-libvirt-pinning>
for this to work. Hyper-V does not support CPU pinning.

In addition to the work of the guest OS and applications running in
an instance, there is a small amount of overhead associated with the
underlying hypervisor. By default, these overhead tasks – known
collectively as emulator threads – run on the same host CPUs as the
instance itself and will result in a minor performance penalty for the
instance. This is not usually an issue, however, for things like
real-time instances, it may not be acceptable for emulator thread to
steal time from instance CPUs.

Emulator thread policies can be used to ensure emulator threads are
run on cores separate from those used by the instance. There are two
policies: isolate and share. The default is to
run the emulator threads on the same core. The isolate
emulator thread policy is used to specify that emulator threads for a
given instance should be run on their own unique core, chosen from one
of the host cores listed in compute.cpu_dedicated_set. To configure
a flavor to use the isolate emulator thread policy,
run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw:emulator_threads_policy=isolate

The share policy is used to specify that emulator
threads from a given instance should be run on the pool of host cores
listed in compute.cpu_shared_set if configured,
else across all pCPUs of the instance. To configure a flavor to use the
share emulator thread policy, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_policy=dedicated \
  --property hw:emulator_threads_policy=share

The above behavior can be summarized in this helpful table:

compute.cpu_shared_set set compute.cpu_shared_set unset
hw:emulator_treads_policy unset (default) Pinned to all of the instance’s pCPUs Pinned to all of the instance’s pCPUs
hw:emulator_threads_policy = share Pinned to compute.cpu_shared_set Pinned to all of the instance’s pCPUs
hw:emulator_threads_policy = isolate Pinned to a single pCPU distinct from the instance’s pCPUs Pinned to a single pCPU distinct from the instance’s pCPUs

Note

For more information about the syntax for
hw:emulator_threads_policy, refer to the documentation <hw:emulator_threads_policy>.

Customizing instance CPU
topologies

Important

The functionality described below is currently only supported by the
libvirt/KVM driver.

Note

Currently it also works with libvirt/QEMU driver but we don’t
recommend it in production use cases. This is because vCPUs are actually
running in one thread on host in qemu TCG (Tiny Code Generator), which
is the backend for libvirt/QEMU driver. Work to enable full
multi-threading support for TCG (a.k.a. MTTCG) is on going in QEMU
community. Please see this MTTCG project
page for detail.

In addition to configuring how an instance is scheduled on host CPUs,
it is possible to configure how CPUs are represented in the instance
itself. By default, when instance NUMA placement is not specified, a
topology of N sockets, each with one core and one thread, is used for an
instance, where N corresponds to the number of instance vCPUs requested.
When instance NUMA placement is specified, the number of sockets is
fixed to the number of host NUMA nodes to use and the total number of
instance CPUs is split over these sockets.

Some workloads benefit from a custom topology. For example, in some
operating systems, a different license may be needed depending on the
number of CPU sockets. To configure a flavor to use two sockets,
run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:cpu_sockets=2

Similarly, to configure a flavor to use one core and one thread,
run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_cores=1 \
  --property hw:cpu_threads=1

Caution

If specifying all values, the product of sockets multiplied by cores
multiplied by threads must equal the number of instance vCPUs. If
specifying any one of these values or the multiple of two values, the
values must be a factor of the number of instance vCPUs to prevent an
exception. For example, specifying hw:cpu_sockets=2 on a
host with an odd number of cores fails. Similarly, specifying
hw:cpu_cores=2 and hw:cpu_threads=4 on a host
with ten cores fails.

For more information about the syntax for
hw:cpu_sockets, hw:cpu_cores and
hw:cpu_threads, refer to /configuration/extra-specs.

It is also possible to set upper limits on the number of sockets,
cores, and threads used. Unlike the hard values above, it is not
necessary for this exact number to used because it only provides a
limit. This can be used to provide some flexibility in scheduling, while
ensuring certain limits are not exceeded. For example, to ensure no more
than two sockets, eight cores and one thread are defined in the instance
topology, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
  --property hw:cpu_max_sockets=2 \
  --property hw:cpu_max_cores=8 \
  --property hw:cpu_max_threads=1

For more information about the syntax for
hw:cpu_max_sockets, hw:cpu_max_cores, and
hw:cpu_max_threads, refer to /configuration/extra-specs.

Applications are frequently packaged as images. For applications that
prefer certain CPU topologies, configure image metadata to hint that
created instances should have a given topology regardless of flavor. To
configure an image to request a two-socket, four-core per socket
topology, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE \
  --property hw_cpu_sockets=2 \
  --property hw_cpu_cores=4

To constrain instances to a given limit of sockets, cores or threads,
use the max_ variants. To configure an image to have a
maximum of two sockets and a maximum of one thread, run:

$ openstack image set $IMAGE \
  --property hw_cpu_max_sockets=2 \
  --property hw_cpu_max_threads=1

The value specified in the flavor is treated as the absolute limit.
The image limits are not permitted to exceed the flavor limits, they can
only be equal to or lower than what the flavor defines. By setting a
max value for sockets, cores, or threads, administrators
can prevent users configuring topologies that might, for example, incur
an additional licensing fees.

For more information about image metadata, refer to the Image
metadata
guide.

Configuring libvirt compute nodes for
CPU pinning

20.0.0

Prior to 20.0.0 (Train), it was not necessary to explicitly configure
hosts for pinned instances. However, it was not possible to place pinned
instances on the same host as unpinned CPUs, which typically meant hosts
had to be grouped into host aggregates. If this was not done, unpinned
instances would continue floating across all enabled host CPUs, even
those that some instance CPUs were pinned to. Starting in 20.0.0, it is
necessary to explicitly identify the host cores that should be used for
pinned instances.

Nova treats host CPUs used for unpinned instances differently from
those used by pinned instances. The former are tracked in placement
using the VCPU resource type and can be overallocated,
while the latter are tracked using the PCPU resource type.
By default, nova will report all host CPUs as VCPU
inventory, however, this can be configured using the compute.cpu_shared_set config option,
to specify which host CPUs should be used for VCPU
inventory, and the compute.cpu_dedicated_set config
option, to specify which host CPUs should be used for PCPU
inventory.

Consider a compute node with a total of 24 host physical CPU cores
with hyperthreading enabled. The operator wishes to reserve 1 physical
CPU core and its thread sibling for host processing (not for guest
instance use). Furthermore, the operator wishes to use 8 host physical
CPU cores and their thread siblings for dedicated guest CPU resources.
The remaining 15 host physical CPU cores and their thread siblings will
be used for shared guest vCPU usage, with an 8:1 allocation ratio for
those physical processors used for shared guest CPU resources.

The operator could configure nova.conf like so:

[DEFAULT]
cpu_allocation_ratio=8.0

[compute]
cpu_dedicated_set=2-17
cpu_shared_set=18-47

The virt driver will construct a provider tree containing a single
resource provider representing the compute node and report inventory of
PCPU and VCPU for this single provider
accordingly:

COMPUTE NODE provider
    PCPU:
        total: 16
        reserved: 0
        min_unit: 1
        max_unit: 16
        step_size: 1
        allocation_ratio: 1.0
    VCPU:
        total: 30
        reserved: 0
        min_unit: 1
        max_unit: 30
        step_size: 1
        allocation_ratio: 8.0

Instances using the dedicated CPU policy or an explicit
PCPU resource request, PCPU inventory will be
consumed. Instances using the shared CPU policy, meanwhile,
will consume VCPU inventory.

Note

PCPU and VCPU allocations are currently
combined to calculate the value for the cores quota
class.

Configuring Hyper-V compute nodes for
instance NUMA policies

Hyper-V is configured by default to allow instances to span multiple
NUMA nodes, regardless if the instances have been configured to only
span N NUMA nodes. This behaviour allows Hyper-V instances to have up to
64 vCPUs and 1 TB of memory.

Checking NUMA spanning can easily be done by running this following
PowerShell command:

(Get-VMHost).NumaSpanningEnabled

In order to disable this behaviour, the host will have to be
configured to disable NUMA spanning. This can be done by executing these
following PowerShell commands:

Set-VMHost -NumaSpanningEnabled $false
Restart-Service vmms

In order to restore this behaviour, execute these PowerShell
commands:

Set-VMHost -NumaSpanningEnabled $true
Restart-Service vmms

The Virtual Machine Management Service (vmms) is
responsible for managing the Hyper-V VMs. The VMs will still run while
the service is down or restarting, but they will not be manageable by
the nova-compute service. In order for the effects of the
host NUMA spanning configuration to take effect, the VMs will have to be
restarted.

Hyper-V does not allow instances with a NUMA topology to have dynamic
memory allocation turned on. The Hyper-V driver will ignore the
configured dynamic_memory_ratio from the given
nova.conf file when spawning instances with a NUMA
topology.

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