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Taikun OCP Guide

Table of Contents

Generic volume groups

Generic volume group support is available in OpenStack Block Storage
(cinder) since the Newton release. The support is added for creating
group types and group specs, creating groups of volumes, and creating
snapshots of groups. The group operations can be performed using the
Block Storage command line.

A group type is a type for a group just like a volume type for a
volume. A group type can also have associated group specs similar to
extra specs for a volume type.

In cinder, there is a group construct called consistency group. Consistency groups only
support consistent group snapshots and only a small number of drivers
can support it. The following is a list of drivers that support
consistency groups and the release when the support was added:

  • Juno: EMC VNX
  • Kilo: EMC VMAX, IBM (GPFS, Storwize, SVC, and XIV), ProphetStor,
    Pure
  • Liberty: Dell Storage Center, EMC XtremIO, HPE 3Par and
    LeftHand
  • Mitaka: EMC ScaleIO, NetApp Data ONTAP, SolidFire
  • Newton: CoprHD, FalconStor, Huawei

Consistency group cannot be extended easily to serve other purposes.
A tenant may want to put volumes used in the same application together
in a group so that it is easier to manage them together, and this group
of volumes may or may not support consistent group snapshot. Generic
volume group is introduced to solve this problem.

There is a plan to migrate existing consistency group operations to
use generic volume group operations in future releases. More information
can be found in Cinder
specs
.

Note

Only Block Storage V3 API supports groups. You can specify
--os-volume-api-version 3.x when using the cinder command line for group operations where
3.x contains a microversion value for
that command. The generic volume group feature was completed in several
patches. As a result, the minimum required microversion is different for
group types, groups, and group snapshots APIs.

The following group type operations are supported:

  • Create a group type.
  • Delete a group type.
  • Set group spec for a group type.
  • Unset group spec for a group type.
  • List group types.
  • Show a group type details.
  • Update a group.
  • List group types and group specs.

The following group and group snapshot operations are supported:

  • Create a group, given group type and volume types.

    Note

    A group must have one group type. A group can support more than one
    volume type. The scheduler is responsible for finding a back end that
    can support the given group type and volume types.

    A group can only contain volumes hosted by the same back end.

    A group is empty upon its creation. Volumes need to be created and
    added to it later.

  • Show a group.

  • List groups.

  • Delete a group.

  • Modify a group.

  • Create a volume and add it to a group.

  • Create a snapshot for a group.

  • Show a group snapshot.

  • List group snapshots.

  • Delete a group snapshot.

  • Create a group from a group snapshot.

  • Create a group from a source group.

The following operations are not allowed if a volume is in a
group:

  • Volume migration.

  • Volume retype.

  • Volume deletion.

    Note

    A group has to be deleted as a whole with all the volumes.

The following operations are not allowed if a volume snapshot is in a
group snapshot:

  • Volume snapshot deletion.

    Note

    A group snapshot has to be deleted as a whole with all the volume
    snapshots.

The details of group type operations are shown in the following. The
minimum microversion to support group type and group specs is 3.11:

Create a group type:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-type-create
[--description DESCRIPTION]
[--is-public IS_PUBLIC]
NAME

Note

The parameter NAME is required. The
--is-public IS_PUBLIC determines whether the group type is
accessible to the public. It is True by default. By
default, the policy on privileges for creating a group type is
admin-only.

Show a group type:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-type-show
GROUP_TYPE

Note

The parameter GROUP_TYPE is the name or UUID of a group
type.

List group types:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-type-list

Note

Only admin can see private group types.

Update a group type:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-type-update
[--name NAME]
[--description DESCRIPTION]
[--is-public IS_PUBLIC]
GROUP_TYPE_ID

Note

The parameter GROUP_TYPE_ID is the UUID of a group type.
By default, the policy on privileges for updating a group type is
admin-only.

Delete group type or types:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-type-delete
GROUP_TYPE [GROUP_TYPE ...]

Note

The parameter GROUP_TYPE is name or UUID of the group
type or group types to be deleted. By default, the policy on privileges
for deleting a group type is admin-only.

Set or unset group spec for a group type:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-type-key
GROUP_TYPE ACTION KEY=VALUE [KEY=VALUE ...]

Note

The parameter GROUP_TYPE is the name or UUID of a group
type. Valid values for the parameter ACTION are
set or unset. KEY=VALUE is the
group specs key and value pair to set or unset. For unset, specify only
the key. By default, the policy on privileges for setting or unsetting
group specs key is admin-only.

List group types and group specs:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.11 group-specs-list

Note

By default, the policy on privileges for seeing group specs is
admin-only.

The details of group operations are shown in the following. The
minimum microversion to support groups operations is 3.13.

Create a group:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.13 group-create
[--name NAME]
[--description DESCRIPTION]
[--availability-zone AVAILABILITY_ZONE]
GROUP_TYPE VOLUME_TYPES

Note

The parameters GROUP_TYPE and VOLUME_TYPES
are required. GROUP_TYPE is the name or UUID of a group
type. VOLUME_TYPES can be a list of names or UUIDs of
volume types separated by commas without spaces in between. For example,
volumetype1,volumetype2,volumetype3..

Show a group:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.13 group-show
GROUP

Note

The parameter GROUP is the name or UUID of a group.

List groups:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.13 group-list
[--all-tenants [<0|1>]]

Note

--all-tenants specifies whether to list groups for all
tenants. Only admin can use this option.

Create a volume and add it to a group:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.13 create
--volume-type VOLUME_TYPE
--group-id GROUP_ID SIZE

Note

When creating a volume and adding it to a group, the parameters
VOLUME_TYPE and GROUP_ID must be provided.
This is because a group can support more than one volume type.

Delete a group:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.13 group-delete
[--delete-volumes]
GROUP [GROUP ...]

Note

--delete-volumes allows or disallows groups to be
deleted if they are not empty. If the group is empty, it can be deleted
without --delete-volumes. If the group is not empty, the
flag is required for it to be deleted. When the flag is specified, the
group and all volumes in the group will be deleted.

Modify a group:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.13 group-update
[--name NAME]
[--description DESCRIPTION]
[--add-volumes UUID1,UUID2,......]
[--remove-volumes UUID3,UUID4,......]
GROUP

Note

The parameter UUID1,UUID2,...... is the UUID of one or
more volumes to be added to the group, separated by commas. Similarly
the parameter UUID3,UUID4,...... is the UUID of one or more
volumes to be removed from the group, separated by commas.

The details of group snapshots operations are shown in the following.
The minimum microversion to support group snapshots operations is
3.14.

Create a snapshot for a group:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.14 group-snapshot-create
[--name NAME]
[--description DESCRIPTION]
GROUP

Note

The parameter GROUP is the name or UUID of a group.

Show a group snapshot:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.14 group-snapshot-show
GROUP_SNAPSHOT

Note

The parameter GROUP_SNAPSHOT is the name or UUID of a
group snapshot.

List group snapshots:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.14 group-snapshot-list
[--all-tenants [<0|1>]]
[--status STATUS]
[--group-id GROUP_ID]

Note

--all-tenants specifies whether to list group snapshots
for all tenants. Only admin can use this option.
--status STATUS filters results by a status.
--group-id GROUP_ID filters results by a group id.

Delete group snapshot:

cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.14 group-snapshot-delete
GROUP_SNAPSHOT [GROUP_SNAPSHOT ...]

Note

The parameter GROUP_SNAPSHOT specifies the name or UUID
of one or more group snapshots to be deleted.

Create a group from a group snapshot or a source
group
:

$ cinder --os-volume-api-version 3.14 group-create-from-src
[--group-snapshot GROUP_SNAPSHOT]
[--source-group SOURCE_GROUP]
[--name NAME]
[--description DESCRIPTION]

Note

The parameter GROUP_SNAPSHOT is a name or UUID of a
group snapshot. The parameter SOURCE_GROUP is a name or
UUID of a source group. Either GROUP_SNAPSHOT or
SOURCE_GROUP must be specified, but not both.

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