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Taikun OCP Guide

Table of Contents

Get capabilities

When an administrator configures volume type and
extra specs of storage on the back end, the administrator
has to read the right documentation that corresponds to the version of
the storage back end. Deep knowledge of storage is also required.

OpenStack Block Storage enables administrators to configure
volume type and extra specs without specific
knowledge of the storage back end.

Note

  • Volume Type: A group of volume policies.
  • Extra Specs: The definition of a volume type. This is a
    group of policies. For example, provision type, QOS that will be used to
    define a volume at creation time.
  • Capabilities: What the current deployed back end in
    Cinder is able to do. These correspond to extra specs.

Usage of cinder client

When an administrator wants to define new volume types for their
OpenStack cloud, the administrator would fetch a list of
capabilities for a particular back end using the cinder
client.

First, get a list of the services:

$ openstack volume service list
+------------------+-------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| Binary           | Host              | Zone | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
+------------------+-------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| cinder-scheduler | controller        | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
| cinder-volume    | block1@ABC-driver | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
| cinder-backup    | controller        | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
+------------------+-------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+

With one of the listed hosts, pass that to
get-capabilities, then the administrator can obtain volume
stats and also back end capabilities as listed below.

$ cinder get-capabilities block1@ABC-driver
+---------------------+----------------------------------------------+
|     Volume stats    |                    Value                     |
+---------------------+----------------------------------------------+
|     description     |                     None                     |
|     display_name    |   Capabilities of Cinder Vendor ABC driver   |
|    driver_version   |                    2.0.0                     |
|      namespace      | OS::Storage::Capabilities::block1@ABC-driver |
|      pool_name      |                     None                     |
| replication_targets |                      []                      |
|   storage_protocol  |                    iSCSI                     |
|     vendor_name     |                  Vendor ABC                  |
|      visibility     |                     pool                     |
| volume_backend_name |                  ABC-driver                  |
+---------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
|  Backend properties  |                     Value                           |
+----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
|      compression     | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'Compression',  ...} |
| ABC:compression_type | {u'enum':u'['lossy', 'lossless', 'special']',  ...} |
|         qos          | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'QoS',          ...} |
|     replication      | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'Replication',  ...} |
|  thin_provisioning   | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'Thin Provisioning'} |
|     ABC:minIOPS      | {u'type':u'integer', u'title':u'Minimum IOPS QoS',} |
|     ABC:maxIOPS      | {u'type':u'integer', u'title':u'Maximum IOPS QoS',} |
|    ABC:burstIOPS     | {u'type':u'integer', u'title':u'Burst IOPS QoS',..} |
+----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+

Disable a service

When an administrator wants to disable a service, identify the Binary
and the Host of the service. Use the openstack volume service set command combined
with the Binary and Host to disable the service:

  1. Determine the binary and host of the service you want to remove
    initially.

    $ openstack volume service list
    +------------------+----------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | Binary           | Host                 | Zone | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
    +------------------+----------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | cinder-scheduler | devstack             | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
    | cinder-volume    | devstack@lvmdriver-1 | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
    | cinder-backup    | devstack             | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
    +------------------+----------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
  2. Disable the service using the Binary and Host name, placing the
    Host before the Binary name.

    $ openstack volume service set --disable HOST_NAME BINARY_NAME
  3. Remove the service from the database.

    $ cinder-manage service remove BINARY_NAME HOST_NAME

Usage of REST API

New endpoint to get capabilities list for specific
storage back end is also available. For more details, refer to the Block
Storage API reference.

API request:

GET /v3/{tenant_id}/capabilities/{hostname}

Example of return value:

{
  "namespace": "OS::Storage::Capabilities::block1@ABC-driver",
  "volume_backend_name": "ABC-driver",
  "pool_name": "pool",
  "driver_version": "2.0.0",
  "storage_protocol": "iSCSI",
  "display_name": "Capabilities of Cinder Vendor ABC driver",
  "description": "None",
  "visibility": "public",
  "properties": {
   "thin_provisioning": {
      "title": "Thin Provisioning",
      "description": "Sets thin provisioning.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "compression": {
      "title": "Compression",
      "description": "Enables compression.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "ABC:compression_type": {
      "title": "Compression type",
      "description": "Specifies compression type.",
      "type": "string",
      "enum": [
        "lossy", "lossless", "special"
      ]
    },
    "replication": {
      "title": "Replication",
      "description": "Enables replication.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "qos": {
      "title": "QoS",
      "description": "Enables QoS.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "ABC:minIOPS": {
      "title": "Minimum IOPS QoS",
      "description": "Sets minimum IOPS if QoS is enabled.",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "ABC:maxIOPS": {
      "title": "Maximum IOPS QoS",
      "description": "Sets maximum IOPS if QoS is enabled.",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "ABC:burstIOPS": {
      "title": "Burst IOPS QoS",
      "description": "Sets burst IOPS if QoS is enabled.",
      "type": "integer"
    },
  }
}

Usage of volume type
access extension

Some volume types should be restricted only. For example, test volume
types where you are testing a new technology or ultra high performance
volumes (for special cases) where you do not want most users to be able
to select these volumes. An administrator/operator can then define
private volume types using cinder client. Volume type access extension
adds the ability to manage volume type access. Volume types are public
by default. Private volume types can be created by setting the
--private parameter at creation time. Access to a private
volume type can be controlled by adding or removing a project from it.
Private volume types without projects are only visible by users with the
admin role/context.

Create a public volume type by setting --public
parameter:

$ openstack volume type create vol_Type1 --description test1 --public
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| description | test1                                |
| id          | b7dbed9e-de78-49f8-a840-651ae7308592 |
| is_public   | True                                 |
| name        | vol_Type1                            |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

Create a private volume type by setting --private
parameter:

$ openstack volume type create vol_Type2 --description test2 --private
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| description | test2                                |
| id          | 154baa73-d2c4-462f-8258-a2df251b0d39 |
| is_public   | False                                |
| name        | vol_Type2                            |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

Get a list of the volume types:

$ openstack volume type list
+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| ID                                   | Name        |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| 0a948c84-bad5-4fba-88a2-c062006e4f6b | vol_Type1   |
| 87e5be6f-9491-4ea5-9906-9ac56494bb91 | lvmdriver-1 |
| fd508846-213f-4a07-aaf2-40518fb9a23f | vol_Type2   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+

Get a list of the projects:

$ openstack project list
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| ID                               | Name               |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| 4105ead90a854100ab6b121266707f2b | alt_demo           |
| 4a22a545cedd4fcfa9836eb75e558277 | admin              |
| 71f9cdb1a3ab4b8e8d07d347a2e146bb | service            |
| c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e | demo               |
| e4b648ba5108415cb9e75bff65fa8068 | invisible_to_admin |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+

Add volume type access for the given demo project, using its
project-id:

$ openstack volume type set --project c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e \
  vol_Type2

List the access information about the given volume type:

$ openstack volume type show vol_Type2
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field              | Value                                |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| access_project_ids | c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e     |
| description        |                                      |
| id                 | fd508846-213f-4a07-aaf2-40518fb9a23f |
| is_public          | False                                |
| name               | vol_Type2                            |
| properties         |                                      |
| qos_specs_id       | None                                 |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+

Remove volume type access for the given project:

$ openstack volume type unset --project c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e \
  vol_Type2
$ openstack volume type show vol_Type2
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field              | Value                                |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| access_project_ids |                                      |
| description        |                                      |
| id                 | fd508846-213f-4a07-aaf2-40518fb9a23f |
| is_public          | False                                |
| name               | vol_Type2                            |
| properties         |                                      |
| qos_specs_id       | None                                 |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+

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