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Taikun OCP Guide

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How To Configure Multiple Pools

Designate supports “pools” of nameservers. A pool is a collection of
nameservers and targets that Designate will write to and read from to
confirm changes are successful. In some cases you might have multiple
pools that you need to manage differently. For example, you might use
separate pools to distribute tenants across some subset of your DNS

Read the section on pools to learn more about what pools are and what they
can do.

Pools Configuration

Pools are configured by a pools.yml
file. This file describes the pools and can be used to update Designate
via designate-manage commands.

Here is an example pools.yml that
configures two different pools. The idea is that we’ll configure our
pools to support different usage levels. We’ll define a gold and standard level and put zones in each based on
the tenant.

Our gold level will provide 6
nameservers that users have access to where our standard will only provide 2. Both pools will
have one master target we write to.


- name: golden_pool
  description: The golden pool!

    service_tier: gold

    - hostname: ns1-gold.example.org
      priority: 1

    - hostname: ns2-gold.example.org
      priority: 2

    - hostname: ns3-gold.example.net
      priority: 3

    - hostname: ns4-gold.example.net
      priority: 4

    - hostname: ns5-gold.example.net
      priority: 5

    - hostname: ns6-gold.example.net
      priority: 6

    - host: ns1-gold.example.net
      port: 53

    - host: ns2-gold.example.net
      port: 53

    - host: ns3-gold.example.net
      port: 53

    - host: ns4-gold.example.net
      port: 53

    - host: ns5-gold.example.net
      port: 53

    - host: ns6-gold.example.net
      port: 53

    - type: bind9
      description: bind9 golden master

        - host: mdns.designate.example.com
          port: 5354

        host: ns-master-gold.example.org
        port: 53
        rndc_host: ns-master-gold.example.org
        rndc_port: 953
        rndc_key_file: /etc/designate.rndc.key

- name: standard_pool
  description: The standard pool

    service_tier: standard

    - hostname: ns1-std.example.org
      priority: 1

    - hostname: ns2-std.example.org
      priority: 2

    - host: ns1-std.example.net
      port: 53

    - host: ns2-std.example.net
      port: 53

    - type: bind9
      description: bind9 golden master

        - host: mdns.designate.example.com
          port: 5354

        host: ns-master-std.example.org
        port: 53
        rndc_host: ns-master-std.example.org
        rndc_port: 953
        rndc_key_file: /etc/designate.rndc.key

With our configuration in place, we can then update Designate to use
the pool configuration.

# Do a dry run
$ designate-manage pool update --file pools.yml --dry-run
$ designate-manage pool update --file pools.yml

Designate now has two pools to work with. The next step will be to
configure the scheduler to use the attributes when choosing what pool to
store the zone on.

Pool Scheduler

The pool scheduler allows selecting a pool when a zone is created.
Each scheduler acts as a filter, selecting or negating each pool based
on some attributes. Designate comes with some simple schedulers to
support common patterns:

  • default_pool
  • fallback
  • random
  • pool_id_attribute
  • attribute

These are configured in the service:central section of the config.

Schedule by Pool ID Example

For example, if we wanted to allow a user to select a specific pool
by id or fallback to using a default, we could use the following

default_pool_id = 794ccc2c-d751-44fe-b57f-8894c9f5c842
scheduler_filters = pool_id_attribute, fallback

The filters are applied from left to right. If the zone body doesn’t
contain an attributes object with a pool_id set to a valid pool id, the fallback
filter is then called, returning the default pool as the scheduled pool
for that zone.

Schedule by Tier Example

In our tiered example, we’ll use the attribute filter to select the correct

default_pool_id = 794ccc2c-d751-44fe-b57f-8894c9f5c842  # the std pool
scheduler_filters = attribute, fallback

When a user needs the zone to go to the gold pool, the user needs to provide the
appropriate attribute in the zone.

POST /v2/zones HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json

    "attributes": {
        "service_tier": "gold"
    "email": "[email protected]",
    "name": "example.net."

This ensures the zone ends up on the correct pool.

In this example, we’ve allowed the user to define what pool should be
scheduled. If we wanted to schedule the zone based on the tenant, we
could write a custom filter that looked up the appropriate group and
adds the appropriate pool.