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Taikun OCP Guide

Table of Contents

Open vSwitch: High availability using VRRP

Prerequisites

Add one network node with the following components:

  • Three network interfaces: management, provider, and overlay.
  • OpenStack Networking layer-2 agent, layer-3 agent, and any
    dependencies.

Note

You can keep the DHCP and metadata agents on each compute node or
move them to the network nodes.

Architecture

High-availability using VRRP with Linux bridge - overview

The following figure shows components and connectivity for one
self-service network and one untagged (flat) network. The primary router
resides on network node 1. In this particular case, the instance resides
on the same compute node as the DHCP agent for the network. If the DHCP
agent resides on another compute node, the latter only contains a DHCP
namespace and Linux bridge with a port on the overlay physical network
interface.

High-availability using VRRP with Linux bridge - components and connectivity - one network

Example configuration

Use the following example configuration as a template to add support
for high-availability using VRRP to an existing operational environment
that supports self-service networks.

Controller node

  1. In the neutron.conf file:
    • Enable VRRP.

      [DEFAULT]
      l3_ha = True
  2. Restart the following services:
    • Server

Network node 1

No changes.

Network node 2

  1. Install the Networking service OVS layer-2 agent and layer-3
    agent.

  2. Install OVS.

  3. In the neutron.conf file, configure common
    options:

  4. Start the following services:

    • OVS
  5. Create the OVS provider bridge br-provider:

    $ ovs-vsctl add-br br-provider
  6. Add the provider network interface as a port on the OVS provider
    bridge br-provider:

    $ ovs-vsctl add-port br-provider PROVIDER_INTERFACE

    Replace PROVIDER_INTERFACE with the name of the
    underlying interface that handles provider networks. For example,
    eth1.

  7. In the openvswitch_agent.ini file, configure the
    layer-2 agent.

    [ovs]
    bridge_mappings = provider:br-provider
    local_ip = OVERLAY_INTERFACE_IP_ADDRESS
    
    [agent]
    tunnel_types = vxlan
    l2_population = true
    
    [securitygroup]
    firewall_driver = iptables_hybrid

    Replace OVERLAY_INTERFACE_IP_ADDRESS with the IP address
    of the interface that handles VXLAN overlays for self-service
    networks.

  8. In the l3_agent.ini file, configure the layer-3
    agent.

    [DEFAULT]
    interface_driver = openvswitch
  9. Start the following services:

    • Open vSwitch agent
    • Layer-3 agent

Compute nodes

No changes.

Verify service operation

  1. Source the administrative project credentials.

  2. Verify presence and operation of the agents.

    $ openstack network agent list
    +--------------------------------------+--------------------+----------+-------------------+-------+-------+---------------------------+
    | ID                                   | Agent Type         | Host     | Availability Zone | Alive | State | Binary                    |
    +--------------------------------------+--------------------+----------+-------------------+-------+-------+---------------------------+
    | 1236bbcb-e0ba-48a9-80fc-81202ca4fa51 | Metadata agent     | compute2 | None              | True  | UP    | neutron-metadata-agent    |
    | 457d6898-b373-4bb3-b41f-59345dcfb5c5 | Open vSwitch agent | compute2 | None              | True  | UP    | neutron-openvswitch-agent |
    | 71f15e84-bc47-4c2a-b9fb-317840b2d753 | DHCP agent         | compute2 | nova              | True  | UP    | neutron-dhcp-agent        |
    | 8805b962-de95-4e40-bdc2-7a0add7521e8 | L3 agent           | network1 | nova              | True  | UP    | neutron-l3-agent          |
    | a33cac5a-0266-48f6-9cac-4cef4f8b0358 | Open vSwitch agent | network1 | None              | True  | UP    | neutron-openvswitch-agent |
    | a6c69690-e7f7-4e56-9831-1282753e5007 | Metadata agent     | compute1 | None              | True  | UP    | neutron-metadata-agent    |
    | af11f22f-a9f4-404f-9fd8-cd7ad55c0f68 | DHCP agent         | compute1 | nova              | True  | UP    | neutron-dhcp-agent        |
    | bcfc977b-ec0e-4ba9-be62-9489b4b0e6f1 | Open vSwitch agent | compute1 | None              | True  | UP    | neutron-openvswitch-agent |
    | 7f00d759-f2c9-494a-9fbf-fd9118104d03 | Open vSwitch agent | network2 | None              | True  | UP    | neutron-openvswitch-agent |
    | b28d8818-9e32-4888-930b-29addbdd2ef9 | L3 agent           | network2 | nova              | True  | UP    | neutron-l3-agent          |
    +--------------------------------------+--------------------+----------+-------------------+-------+-------+---------------------------+

Create initial networks

Verify network operation

Verify failover operation

Keepalived VRRP health check

Network traffic flow

This high-availability mechanism simply augments deploy-ovs-selfservice with
failover of layer-3 services to another router if the primary router
fails. Thus, you can reference Self-service network traffic flow
<deploy-ovs-selfservice-networktrafficflow>
for normal
operation.

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