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Taikun OCP Guide

Table of Contents

Other libvirt features

The libvirt driver supports a large number of additional features
that don’t warrant their own section. These are gathered here.

Guest agent support

Guest agents enable optional access between compute nodes and guests
through a socket, using the QMP protocol.

To enable this feature, you must set
hw_qemu_guest_agent=yes as a metadata parameter on the
image you wish to use to create the guest-agent-capable instances from.
You can explicitly disable the feature by setting
hw_qemu_guest_agent=no in the image metadata.

Watchdog behavior

15.0.0 (Ocata)

Add support for the disabled option.

A virtual watchdog device can be used to keep an eye on the guest
server and carry out a configured action if the server hangs. The
watchdog uses the i6300esb device (emulating a PCI Intel 6300ESB).
Watchdog behavior can be configured using the hw:watchdog_action flavor extra spec or
equivalent image metadata property. If neither the extra spec not the
image metadata property are specified, the watchdog is disabled.

For example, to enable the watchdog and configure it to forcefully
reset the guest in the event of a hang, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:watchdog_action=reset

Note

Watchdog behavior set using the image metadata property will override
behavior set using the flavor extra spec.

Random number
generator

21.0.0 (Ussuri)

Random number generators are now enabled by default for
instances.

Operating systems require good sources of entropy for things like
cryptographic software. If a random-number generator device has been
added to the instance through its image properties, the device can be
enabled and configured using the hw_rng:allowed, hw_rng:rate_bytes
and hw_rng:rate_period flavor extra specs.

To configure for example a byte rate of 5 bytes per period and a
period of 1000 mSec (1 second), run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR \
    --property hw_rng:rate_bytes=5 \
    --property hw_rng:rate_period=1000

Alternatively, to disable the random number generator, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw_rng:allowed=false

The presence of separate byte rate and rate period configurables is
intentional. As noted in the QEMU
docs
, a smaller rate and larger period minimizes the opportunity for
malicious guests to starve other guests of entropy but at the cost of
responsiveness. Conversely, larger rates and smaller periods will
increase the burst rate but at the potential cost of warping resource
consumption in favour of a greedy guest.

Performance Monitoring
Unit (vPMU)

20.0.0 (Train)

If nova is deployed with the libvirt virt driver and libvirt.virt_type is set to
qemu or kvm, a virtual performance monitoring
unit (vPMU) can be enabled or disabled for an instance using the hw:pmu flavor
extra spec or hw_pmu image metadata property. If the vPMU
is not explicitly enabled or disabled via the flavor or image, its
presence is left to QEMU to decide.

For example, to explicitly disable the vPMU, run:

$ openstack flavor set FLAVOR-NAME --property hw:pmu=false

The vPMU is used by tools like perf in the guest to
provide more accurate information for profiling application and
monitoring guest performance. For real time </admin/real-time> workloads, the
emulation of a vPMU can introduce additional latency which would be
undesirable. If the telemetry it provides is not required, the vPMU can
be disabled. For most workloads the default of unset (enabled) will be
correct.

Hiding hypervisor
signature

18.0.0 (Rocky)

21.0.0 (Ussuri)

Prior to the Ussuri release, this was called
hide_hypervisor_id. An alias is provided to provide
backwards compatibility.

Some hypervisors add a signature to their guests. While the presence
of the signature can enable some paravirtualization features on the
guest, it can also have the effect of preventing some drivers from
loading. You can hide this signature by setting the hw:hide_hypervisor_id to true.

For example, to hide your signature from the guest OS, run:

$ openstack flavor set $FLAVOR --property hw:hide_hypervisor_id=true

Locked memory allocation

26.0.0 (Zed)

Locking memory marks the guest memory allocations as unmovable and
unswappable. It is implicitly enabled in a number of cases such as SEV
or realtime guests but can also be enabled explictly using the
hw:locked_memory extra spec (or use
hw_locked_memory image property).
hw:locked_memory (also hw_locked_memory image
property) accept boolean values in string format like ‘true’ or ‘false’
value. It will raise FlavorImageLockedMemoryConflict exception if
both flavor and image property are specified but with different boolean
values. This will only be allowed if you have also set
hw:mem_page_size, so we can ensure that the scheduler can
actually account for this correctly and prevent out of memory events.
Otherwise, will raise LockMemoryForbidden
exception.

$ openstack flavor set FLAVOR-NAME \
    --property hw:locked_memory=BOOLEAN_VALUE

Note

This is currently only supported by the libvirt driver.

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