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Taikun OCP Guide

Table of Contents

Security

Network traffic

Depending on your deployment’s security requirements, you might be
required to encrypt network traffic. This can be accomplished with
TLS.

There are multiple deployment options, with the most common and
recommended ones being:

  • Only encrypt traffic between clients and public endpoints. This
    approach results in fewer certificates to manage, and we refer to it as
    public TLS. Public endpoints, in this sense, are endpoints only exposed
    to end-users. Traffic between internal endpoints is not encrypted.
  • Leverages TLS for all endpoints in the entire deployment, including
    internal endpoints of the OpenStack services and with auxiliary services
    such as the database and the message broker.

You can look at TripleO’s
documentation on TLS
for examples on how to do this.

Cinder drivers should support secure TLS/SSL communication between
the cinder volume service and the backend, as configured by the
driver_ssl_cert_verify and
driver_ssl_cert_path options in
cinder.conf.

If unsure whether your driver supports TLS/SSL, please check the
driver’s specific page in the volume-drivers page or contact the vendor.

Data at rest

Volumes’ data can be secured at rest using Cinder’s volume encryption
feature.

For encryption keys Cinder uses a Key management service, with
Barbican being the recommended service.

More information on encryption can be found on the volume-encryption
section.

Data leakage

Some users and admins worry about data leakage between OpenStack
projects or users caused by a new volume containing partial or full data
from a previously deleted volume.

These concerns are sometimes instigated by the
volume_clear and volume_clear_size
configuration options, but these options are only relevant to the LVM
driver, and only when using thick volumes (which are not the default,
thin volumes are).

Writing data on a Cinder volume as a generic mechanism to prevent
data leakage is not implemented for other drivers because it does not
ensure that the data will be actually erased on the physical disks, as
the storage solution could be doing copy-on-write or other
optimizations.

Thin provisioned volumes return zeros for unallocated blocks, so we
don’t have to worry about data leakage. As for thick volumes, each of
the individual Cinder drivers must ensure that data from a deleted
volume can never leak to a newly created volume.

This prevents other OpenStack projects and users from being able to
get data from deleted volumes, but since the data may still be present
on the physical disks, somebody with physical access to the disks may
still be able to retrieve that data.

For those concerned with this, we recommend using encrypted volumes
or read your storage solution’s documentation or contact your vendor to
see if they have some kind of clear policy option available on their
storage solution.

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