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Taikun OCP Guide

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Troubleshoot Compute

Common problems for Compute typically involve misconfigured
networking or credentials that are not sourced properly in the
environment. Also, most flat networking configurations do not enable
ping or ssh from a compute node
to the instances that run on that node. Another common problem is trying
to run 32-bit images on a 64-bit compute node. This section shows you
how to troubleshoot Compute.

Move the sections below into sub-pages for readability.


Compute service logging

Compute stores a log file for each service in
/var/log/nova. For example, nova-compute.log
is the log for the nova-compute service. You can set the
following options to format log strings for the nova.log
module in the nova.conf file:

  • logging_context_format_string
  • logging_default_format_string

If the log level is set to debug, you can also specify
logging_debug_format_suffix to append extra formatting. For
information about what variables are available for the formatter, see Formatter

You have two logging options for OpenStack Compute based on
configuration settings. In nova.conf, include the
logfile option to enable logging. Alternatively you can set
use_syslog = 1 so that the nova daemon logs to syslog.

Guru Meditation reports

A Guru Meditation report is sent by the Compute service upon receipt
of the SIGUSR2 signal (SIGUSR1 before Mitaka).
This report is a general-purpose error report that includes details
about the current state of the service. The error report is sent to

For example, if you redirect error output to
nova-api-err.log using nova-api 2>/var/log/nova/nova-api-err.log,
resulting in the process ID 8675, you can then run:

# kill -USR2 8675

This command triggers the Guru Meditation report to be printed to

The report has the following sections:

  • Package: Displays information about the package to which the process
    belongs, including version information.
  • Threads: Displays stack traces and thread IDs for each of the
    threads within the process.
  • Green Threads: Displays stack traces for each of the green threads
    within the process (green threads do not have thread IDs).
  • Configuration: Lists all configuration options currently accessible
    through the CONF object for the current process.

For more information, see /reference/gmr.

Common errors and fixes for

The ask.openstack.org site
offers a place to ask and answer questions, and you can also mark
questions as frequently asked questions. This section describes some
errors people have posted previously. Bugs are constantly being fixed,
so online resources are a great way to get the most up-to-date errors
and fixes.

errors, 401, and 403 forbidden errors


Missing credentials cause a 403 forbidden error.


To resolve this issue, use one of these methods:

  1. Manual method

    Gets the novarc file from the project ZIP file, saves
    existing credentials in case of override, and manually sources the
    novarc file.

  2. Script method

    Generates novarc from the project ZIP file and sources
    it for you.

When you run nova-api the first time, it generates the
certificate authority information, including openssl.cnf.
If you start the CA services before this, you might not be able to
create your ZIP file. Restart the services. When your CA information is
available, create your ZIP file.

Also, check your HTTP proxy settings to see whether they cause
problems with novarc creation.

Live migration permission


When live migrating an instance, you may see errors like the

libvirtError: operation failed: Failed to connect to remote libvirt URI
qemu+ssh://stack@cld6b16/system: Cannot recv data: Host key verification
failed.: Connection reset by peer


Ensure you have completed all the steps outlined in /admin/ssh-configuration. In
particular, it’s important to note that the libvirt process
runs as root even though it may be connecting to a
different user (stack in the above example). You can ensure
everything is correctly configured by attempting to connect to the
remote host via the root user. Using the above example once

$ su - -c 'ssh stack@cld6b16'

Instance errors


Sometimes a particular instance shows pending or you
cannot SSH to it. Sometimes the image itself is the problem. For
example, when you use flat manager networking, you do not have a DHCP
server and certain images do not support interface injection; you cannot
connect to them.


To fix instance errors use an image that does support this method,
such as Ubuntu, which obtains an IP address correctly with FlatManager
network settings.

To troubleshoot other possible problems with an instance, such as an
instance that stays in a spawning state, check the directory for the
particular instance under /var/lib/nova/instances on the
nova-compute host and make sure that these files are

  • libvirt.xml
  • disk
  • disk-raw
  • kernel
  • ramdisk
  • console.log, after the instance starts.

If any files are missing, empty, or very small, the
nova-compute service did not successfully download the
images from the Image service.

Also check nova-compute.log for exceptions. Sometimes
they do not appear in the console output.

Next, check the log file for the instance in the
/var/log/libvirt/qemu directory to see if it exists and has
any useful error messages in it.

Finally, from the /var/lib/nova/instances directory for
the instance, see if this command returns an error:

# virsh create libvirt.xml

Empty log output for Linux


You can view the log output of running instances from either the
Log tab of the
dashboard or the output of nova
. In some cases, the log output of a running Linux
instance will be empty or only display a single character (for example,
the ? character).

This occurs when the Compute service attempts to retrieve the log
output of the instance via a serial console while the instance itself is
not configured to send output to the console.


To rectify this, append the following parameters to kernel arguments
specified in the instance’s boot loader:

console=tty0 console=ttyS0,115200n8

Upon rebooting, the instance will be configured to send output to the
Compute service.

Reset the state of an


Instances can remain in an intermediate state, such as


You can use the nova reset-state command to manually reset the
state of an instance to an error state. You can then delete the
instance. For example:

$ nova reset-state c6bbbf26-b40a-47e7-8d5c-eb17bf65c485
$ openstack server delete c6bbbf26-b40a-47e7-8d5c-eb17bf65c485

You can also use the --active parameter to force the
instance back to an active state instead of an error state. For

$ nova reset-state --active c6bbbf26-b40a-47e7-8d5c-eb17bf65c485

Injection problems


Instances may boot slowly, or do not boot. File injection can cause
this problem.


To disable injection in libvirt, set the following in

inject_partition = -2


If you have not enabled the config drive and you want to make
user-specified files available from the metadata server for to improve
performance and avoid boot failure if injection fails, you must disable

Cannot find suitable
emulator for x86_64


When you attempt to create a VM, the error shows the VM is in the
BUILD then ERROR state.


On the KVM host, run cat /proc/cpuinfo. Make sure the vmx
or svm flags are set.

Follow the instructions in the enable-kvm section in the Nova Configuration Reference
to enable hardware virtualization support in your BIOS.

Failed to attach volume
after detaching


Failed to attach a volume after detaching the same volume.


You must change the device name on the nova-attach command. The VM might not clean up
after a nova-detach
command runs. This example shows how the nova-attach command fails when you use the
vdb, vdc, or vdd device

# ls -al /dev/disk/by-path/
total 0
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 200 2012-08-29 17:33 .
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 100 2012-08-29 17:33 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:04.0-virtio-pci-virtio0 -> ../../vda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:04.0-virtio-pci-virtio0-part1 -> ../../vda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:04.0-virtio-pci-virtio0-part2 -> ../../vda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:04.0-virtio-pci-virtio0-part5 -> ../../vda5
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:06.0-virtio-pci-virtio2 -> ../../vdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:08.0-virtio-pci-virtio3 -> ../../vdc
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:09.0-virtio-pci-virtio4 -> ../../vdd
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 2012-08-29 17:33 pci-0000:00:09.0-virtio-pci-virtio4-part1 -> ../../vdd1

You might also have this problem after attaching and detaching the
same volume from the same VM with the same mount point multiple times.
In this case, restart the KVM host.

Failed to
attach volume, systool is not installed


This warning and error occurs if you do not have the required
sysfsutils package installed on the compute node:

WARNING nova.virt.libvirt.utils [req-1200f887-c82b-4e7c-a891-fac2e3735dbb\
admin admin|req-1200f887-c82b-4e7c-a891-fac2e3735dbb admin admin] systool\
is not installed
ERROR nova.compute.manager [req-1200f887-c82b-4e7c-a891-fac2e3735dbb admin\
admin|req-1200f887-c82b-4e7c-a891-fac2e3735dbb admin admin]
[instance: df834b5a-8c3f-477a-be9b-47c97626555c|instance: df834b5a-8c3f-47\
Failed to attach volume 13d5c633-903a-4764-a5a0-3336945b1db1 at /dev/vdk.


Install the sysfsutils package on the compute node. For

# apt-get install sysfsutils

Failed to connect volume in


The compute node failed to connect to a volume in a Fibre Channel
(FC) SAN configuration. The WWN may not be zoned correctly in your FC
SAN that links the compute host to the storage array:

ERROR nova.compute.manager [req-2ddd5297-e405-44ab-aed3-152cd2cfb8c2 admin\
demo|req-2ddd5297-e405-44ab-aed3-152cd2cfb8c2 admin demo] [instance: 60ebd\
6c7-c1e3-4bf0-8ef0-f07aa4c3d5f3|instance: 60ebd6c7-c1e3-4bf0-8ef0-f07aa4c3\
Failed to connect to volume 6f6a6a9c-dfcf-4c8d-b1a8-4445ff883200 while\
attaching at /dev/vdjTRACE nova.compute.manager [instance: 60ebd6c7-c1e3-4\
bf0-8ef0-f07aa4c3d5f3|instance: 60ebd6c7-c1e3-4bf0-8ef0-f07aa4c3d5f3]
Traceback (most recent call last):...f07aa4c3d5f3\] ClientException: The\
server has either erred or is incapable of performing the requested\
operation.(HTTP 500)(Request-ID: req-71e5132b-21aa-46ee-b3cc-19b5b4ab2f00)


The network administrator must configure the FC SAN fabric by
correctly zoning the WWN (port names) from your compute node HBAs.

Multipath call failed exit


Multipath call failed exit. This warning occurs in the Compute log if
you do not have the optional multipath-tools package
installed on the compute node. This is an optional package and the
volume attachment does work without the multipath tools installed. If
the multipath-tools package is installed on the compute
node, it is used to perform the volume attachment. The IDs in your
message are unique to your system.

WARNING nova.storage.linuxscsi [req-cac861e3-8b29-4143-8f1b-705d0084e571 \
admin admin|req-cac861e3-8b29-4143-8f1b-705d0084e571 admin admin] \
Multipath call failed exit (96)


Install the multipath-tools package on the compute node.
For example:

# apt-get install multipath-tools

Failed to Attach
Volume, Missing sg_scan


Failed to attach volume to an instance, sg_scan file not
found. This error occurs when the sg3-utils package is not installed on
the compute node. The IDs in your message are unique to your system:

ERROR nova.compute.manager [req-cf2679fd-dd9e-4909-807f-48fe9bda3642 admin admin|req-cf2679fd-dd9e-4909-807f-48fe9bda3642 admin admin]
[instance: 7d7c92e0-49fa-4a8e-87c7-73f22a9585d5|instance:  7d7c92e0-49fa-4a8e-87c7-73f22a9585d5]
Failed to attach volume  4cc104c4-ac92-4bd6-9b95-c6686746414a at /dev/vdcTRACE nova.compute.manager
[instance:  7d7c92e0-49fa-4a8e-87c7-73f22a9585d5|instance: 7d7c92e0-49fa-4a8e-87c7-73f22a9585d5]
Stdout: '/usr/local/bin/nova-rootwrap: Executable not found: /usr/bin/sg_scan'


Install the sg3-utils package on the compute node. For

# apt-get install sg3-utils

Requested microversions are


When making a request with a microversion beyond 2.1, for

$ openstack --os-compute-api-version 2.15 server group create \
  --policy soft-anti-affinity my-soft-anti-group

It fails saying that “soft-anti-affinity” is not a valid policy, even
thought it is allowed with the 2.15


Ensure the compute endpoint in the identity service
catalog is pointing at /v2.1 instead of /v2.
The former route supports microversions, while the latter route is
considered the legacy v2.0 compatibility-mode route which renders all
requests as if they were made on the legacy v2.0 API.


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